What You Need To Know About Philippine Holidays and Paid Time Off (PTO)

Now that you have hired a Filipino virtual assistant, you’re probably wondering how to deal with Philippine holidays. What about paid time off? What would be the best way to approach this?

Well, that mostly depends on your outsourcing arrangement. It’s best to address these issues of paid time off and holidays early on so it doesn’t interrupt your operations.

What You Need To Know About Paid Time Off (PTO)

Paid time off

Most Filipino workers and businesses in the Philippines recognize the following paid leaves:

  1. Sick Leaves. Most businesses offer up to 15 leaves per year which can be filed on the day itself. Most companies start offering this once the employee is done with their training period or has been with them for at least 6 months.
  2. Vacation Leaves. The number varies but, on average, ranges between 5 to 15 days per calendar year. This is an optional leave.
  3. Service Incentive Leaves. This is an option offered when an employee doesn’t use up all his leaves. He can get the cash equivalent of the leaves that weren’t taken for that year. Or the employee would have the option to take an extended leave to use up all the paid leaves.
  4. Maternity Leave. Women are eligible for 105 days of leave covering child delivery, miscarriage, and emergency termination of pregnancy. While they are on leave, the business doesn’t have to give them their salaries. The salaries would be covered by the Philippine Social Security System (SSS) if your employee made regular contributions to the social security fund for at least 3 years (36 contributions).
  5. Paternity Leave. Philippine Law now allows fathers to take a paid leave up to seven days within a month of having a baby.
  6. Parental Leave. The law allows single parents with sole custody of their children an additional 7 days of paid leave.
  7. Rehabilitation Leave. This is provided for employees who have suffered some injury or illness. The extent of the leave would depend on the doctor’s recommendation and company policy.

Do All These Leaves Apply To Your Outsourced Employees?

Do they Apply to All_

Not really. The paid leaves you offer would depend on your work arrangement with your Filipino VA. In some cases, paid leave would not be applicable for all. Let’s look at the common outsourcing scenarios and whether the paid leaves would apply.

VAs Paid By The Hour

Holidays: If you hire your workers on a per-hour basis and don’t need them to work over the holidays, you don’t need to offer them paid time off.

If you need them to work over the holidays, you might want to offer additional incentives. An option will be to increase their hourly rates if you need them to work over the holidays.

Paid Leaves: If you want to be generous with your VA and offer any of the leaves presented above, you definitely can do that. But paid leaves generally don’t really apply to workers who are paid by the hour.

VAs Paid Per Project

Holidays: If the holiday falls within the agreed-upon timeline for the project, there’s no need to offer paid time off. When you pay per project, the contract is with the output, not with the dates.

But if you want your VAs to rush on a project and require working over the holidays, giving a bonus for early project completion would be fair compensation.

Paid Leaves: Same thing with virtual assistants paid by the hour. It’s your prerogative if you want to offer leaves or incentives.

Part-time and Full-time VAs Paid Per Month/Week (The Onlinejobs.ph Way)

Holidays: When you hire Filipino virtual assistants to work part-time or full-time, there are several ways you can approach this.

The Department of Labor recommends offering paid time off during regular holidays. But if you need your VAs to work over the holidays, you need to pay a little extra on top of the standard rate.

If it’s a regular holiday, you need to double their rate or 200% for that day. If it’s a special holiday, you pay their normal rate plus 30% for that day.

Paid Leaves: We strongly recommend that you offer whatever paid leaves would be reasonable for you and your business. Most businesses start offering leaves when employees have worked for at least 6 months. In the case of Philippine businesses, they would offer 1 sick leave and 1 vacation leave per month once the employee is done with their probationary status.

At OnlineJobs.ph, for the VAs who work for us, we’ve always offered as much paid leave time (PTO) as they want. Our policy is to take as much time as you wish; just please let us know ahead of time when you’re taking it.

What About Holidays?

Holidays counter

It’s best to talk about this with your VA as soon as you hire them. Filipinos are very family-oriented and will often plan trips or celebrations around long holidays. Some would choose to forgo holidays if they can “save up” these days for extended leaves. Settling these issues early on will avoid scheduling problems in the future.

There are two types of holidays in the Philippines. Regular holidays and special holidays.

Regular holidays are the major holidays and the ones most Filipinos observe. They are usually non-working holidays and would have a fixed date like New Year’s Day or Christmas (except for National Heroes Day and the religious holidays of Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, Eid’l Fitr, and Eidul Adha). Filipino workers are usually given paid time off during regular holidays. If required to work, they would be entitled to 2x their rate for that day.

Special holidays can be non-working or working, depending on the proclamation by the Philippine government.  The “no work, no pay” principle applies here. Workers can take the day off, but they won’t be paid for the day.

If employees work on a special working holiday, they’re only entitled to their basic salary.

If they work on a special non-working holiday, they would be entitled to their basic salary plus an additional 30%.

Filipino virtual assistants do understand that there will be holidays when they will need to work. Asking your VA to do that doesn’t have to be awkward. There are things you can do to make talking about this a painless process.

1. Check out the Philippine Holiday Calendar

Below is the 2024 Philippine Holiday Calendar

If you prefer your calendar in document form, you can also use the one we have below.
You can also see the latest holiday calendar as a Google Calendar.

2. Create your own calendar on which holidays they can take the day off, and the holidays they need to work.

Philippine Holiday Checket

Now that you have the Philippine holidays, you also need to look at your own holiday calendar. Combine them into one calendar. On that calendar, mark:

  • what holidays does your VA absolutely need to work
  • what holidays are negotiable
  • what holidays they can take the day off

We recommend that you do this every year. Laying this out ahead of time allows your virtual assistant to plan their schedules. This will also allow you to budget for their holiday pay (if you want them to work over the holidays) early on.

3. Lay out your policies on paid and unpaid time off

Now that it’s clear what holidays your VA can take their days off, you need to set up a procedure for filing leaves and vacation days.

What does you virtual assistant need to do if they want to take a holiday or sick leave?

Do they need to email you? Call you?

Do you have a form that needs to be filled out?

How many days in advance do they need to do this?

This system varies from business to business. You can use your experience as a guide or talk to your staff to figure out what your best work for you as a team.

4. Include the holiday schedule and paid time off policy in your onboarding process.

Presenting these leave policies early on is not only good employment practice, but it also helps avoid any misunderstanding that might arise once the holidays come up. When VAs know as soon as they’re hired:

  • when they can start earning leave credits,
  • which holidays they need to work,
  • which paid holidays they have off,
  • how much their holiday pay is,
  • and how they can file leaves.

They can get to work right away. They (and you) don’t have to feel anxious when holidays come up. You have a system in place that you can use when needed. And with clear policies like this, outsourcing can be a less stressful experience.

Tips When Establishing Holiday and PTO Policies

Once you start hiring a virtual assistant, you need to establish a schedule and policies on holidays and PTO. Having a policy in place would help you avoid surprises like all your employees taking leaves simultaneously or not preparing for overtime pay.

Put it down in writing.

Include holiday or PTO policies in their contract, company policy, or wiki. Even if you had it written down in your email or messages when you first hired them, it’s best to have a shared document that you can agree on. This document will serve as a guide when you hire more VAs or if any issues arise.

Communicate early what needs to be done over the holidays

In an ideal world, we all could take a vacation during the holidays.

But in a lot of cases, the holidays won’t stop customers from coming in. Nobody is going to want to do more than they absolutely have to.

So, to make things easier for everyone, be clear about what kind of work needs to be done over the holidays and avoid adding any unnecessary work.

As much as possible, push all non-essential tasks until after the holidays. By then, your team would be rested and ready to take on more work.

Prepare shift schedules ahead of time.

One way to make working over the holidays more tolerable is by sharing the load. By distributing the holiday shifts early, you’re giving your VAs time to plan around work and really enjoy the holidays.

Show some appreciation.

Another way to make working off the holidays more palatable is when you get some appreciation for the work you’re doing. This is where the 13th Month Pay comes in. A quick email thanking your team over the holidays goes a long way.

Pay them early!

The holidays are also one of the most challenging times to send money to the Philippines. Overseas workers send more money during this time. The back-to-back banking holidays add more bottlenecks to the process. So avoid the rush. Send salaries and bonuses as early as possible.

Address these issues early on to avoid any headaches in the future. Remember that many Filipinos feel uncomfortable talking about these things, so you must make the first move. Get this out of the way so your VA can start working, and you can start growing your business.

Want more tips on how you can improve your outsourcing experience? Check out our case studies or take our 7-day challenge at OneVAAway.com

Julia Sta RomanaAbout Julia Jasmine M. Sta Romana
Julia has been working for OnlineJobs.ph since 2012, first as a writer and now as its social media manager and content development specialist. She also founded the Davao Virtual Assistants Association, the biggest VA association in Davao City.

She’s a full-time wife and mom and volunteers her time as an internet rights advocate.


  1. Trisha Janice Vivar -Paje says

    Hi would like to know if theres opening for marketing or customer service. Pls email me Thank you.

  2. Junaina L. Macadato says

    Hi! Do you have available slot related to healthcare job opportunity? I am a filipino registered pharmacist.

  3. Geralyn tatel says

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    • says

      Hi Geralyn,

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      Once you’ve completed your profile, you can start searching for the job that you want here =>http://www.onlinejobs.ph/jobseekers/jobsearch

      The job posts contain all the information you need to apply for the position

      Hope this helps. Take care and good luck on your job hunt!

  4. Jearson jay S Rosinas says

    Im willing to learn new skills and knowledge, i am a fast learner and can cope up with other nationality as a team member

  5. Deborah says

    Thank you so much for your great article. My question is: is there any special gift or bonus (in addition to the 13th month which we pay in December, and quarterly goal-based bonuses) that I should consider on the yearly anniversary of my VA’s working with me? Thanks!

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